Red wine, also known as red wine or red wine, is a popular form of wine made from dark grapes. Red wines are often dark in color with a blend of red, black and purple. In the process of making red wine, the grape skins are also crushed together with the intestines to create juice and then ferment (aged) into alcohol.
Characteristics of red wine – Ingredients of red wine
Red wine is made from many different varieties of red (or black) grapes. Because grape juice is a colorless fruit juice, the color of the wine depends on the color of the grape skin and how long the grape skins have been in contact with the juice. Young red wines (ie, not aged enough) often contain a lot of tannins. Over time, the tannins decrease and harmonize with other components of the wine, so red wines often age longer than white wines.
Red wine also has some characteristic aromas such as cherry, raisin, strawberry, raspberry, raspberry, currant, gooseberry, fig, and currant aromas. pepper (white and black), coke, leather, toast, smoke, licorice, moka coffee, cinnamon, onion and garlic… Producers often blend grapes to create a distinctive flavor.
Some grape varieties for making red wine that we often see on the label of wine bottles are:
- Cabernet Sauvignon is bred from Bordeaux grapes, with a very thick skin that ensures the grapes ripen until a dark red color. Winemakers who often age in oak for a longer period of time will achieve optimal aromas and flavors.
- Merlot is picked earlier than Cabernet Sauvignon because of its thin skin and because it is picked early from the tree, the aging process is also faster than other grapes. When young, Merlot has the flavor of blackberry (Black Cherry) and when ripe, the flavor changes to sweet plum (Sweet Plum).
- Other major grape varieties include Syrah,Pinotnoir, Zinfalden, Charbono Barbera and Carignane.
Benefits of red wine
Red wine contains many healthful antioxidant compounds that help prevent cardiovascular disease, the benefit of red wine is due to the antioxidants found on the skin of the fruit.
Red wine is good for the eyes
Grape skins are rich in anthocyanins (which give the fruit their red color and are a branch of polyphenol antioxidants). Moderate consumption of red wine can protect vision because the compound resveratrol works to prevent blood vessels from being damaged, it directly prevents the growth of abnormal blood vessels inside and out. eye. The resveratrol component in red wine may help prevent the negative effects of a sedentary lifestyle such as the sedentary work of office workers or weightlessness in astronauts.
Drinking red wine also prevents cancer
Drinking red wine regularly helps reduce the risk of breast cancer in women, according to which, the chemicals in the skin and seeds of red grapes have the effect of helping to reduce the amount of the hormone estrogen and increase the hormone testosterone in women during pregnancy. menopause. Red wine has anti-obesity substances, while yogurt has a lot of lactic acids, which is good for the intestines, when combined with yogurt and red wine, it can be well digested (anti-constipation) and balance the body.
Red wine is good for the heart
In addition, the polyphenol components of red wine can inhibit the synthesis of a protein associated with cardiovascular disease. Red wine is good for the heart because its polyphenol content has an antioxidant effect (prevents the harmful effects of free radicals). Polyphenols fight heart disease by inhibiting the production of Endothelin-1 (a protein that causes blood vessel constriction, reducing oxygen to the heart and playing a key role in coronary heart disease). Polyphenols are found in grape skins and so red wine alone has heart disease-fighting properties.
It is recommended that red wine in moderation (no more than 25g of ethyl alcohol per day) reduces cardiovascular mortality by less than 40%. Red wine has 3 mechanisms of action: anti-oxidant, vasodilator, anti-thrombotic. The membranes of grapes and seeds contain many polyphenols. In red wine, the alcohol part (alool ethyl) helps polyphenols easily absorb through the small intestine, the concentration of polyphenols in grape wine is 3-4 times higher than in grape juice; Therefore, the activity of red wine is much higher (compared to eating grapes) red wine has many prospects for the prevention of atherosclerosis, cancer, viral diseases, dementia. In addition, oligomeric procyanidins – a type of polyphenol found abundantly in red wine traditionally made, is important in red wine as it plays a role in prolonging human life. Red wine has long been known as one of the healthiest supplements, and there is growing evidence for the role of oligomeric procyanidins in heart health.
Red wine is good for the lungs
At the same time, red wine is also very good for the lungs, a natural compound found in red wine is resveratrol that can help fight chronic lung disease and emphysema (air in the tissue), this substance is found in grapes. red, can reduce chemicals in the lungs – the main cause of pneumonia. When resveratrol was injected into lung fluid samples from smokers and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, it reduced interleukin 8 (an agent that causes pneumonia).
Red wine is good for the digestion
Drinking a glass of red wine a day not only brings a sense of appetite, but is also good for the beneficial intestinal bacteria that live in the lining of the large intestine. Red wine may be the antioxidant polyphenols found in red wine have affected the balance of intestinal bacteria. It is known that some other beneficial effects of polyphenol compounds have been shown such as lowering blood pressure, lowering triglycerides, increasing HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol).
Red wine helps reduce the obesity
A new study shows that drinking red wine in moderation is good for health. In addition to prolonging life, red wine also contributes to reducing the “obesity” of the body. People have experimented by feeding mice with full fat for a long time, then giving red wine a regular dose of a certain dose, found that the body of mice reduced fat absorption, liver diseases and some diseases. another due to regular consumption of fat is reduced. Ratio of death due to high-fat diet was reduced by 31% for the mice participating in the experiment.
What to eat with the red wine?
Red wine has the acrid taste of Tanin and the sweetness is quite clear, so people often combine red wine with some dishes with red meat such as pork, lamb, beef, beef… to enhance the flavor of the wine. alcohol. However, imported red wine is divided into two main categories. Each type of wine will have a dish that matches the type of wine.
The Vietnamese and Asian dishes go well with light red wine. Some typical dishes are grilled seafood, fried, fried, roasted and roasted red meat, etc. Besides, if the wine is brewed with bold grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz red wine. then you should enjoy dishes that come with dishes with strong sauces or dipping sauces.
Note when enjoying red wine
However, it should be noted that, when eating seafood and drinking red wine, the fishy smell is very unpleasant, red wine is only suitable for meat. The reason is because of the element iron, when the content of this element increases above 2 mg/l, the delicious seafood becomes sour and fishy. When dipping dried scallops and wine samples. Pieces dipped in alcohol with low iron content were normal, but dipped in samples with high iron content, the fishy smell immediately appeared